Simulation of Complex Procedures

CardinalSim is an immersive simulation environment developed for the preoperative rehearsal of complex surgical procedures.

A Precise Environment

Interactive 3D reconstructions of patient-specific anatomy allow the surgeon to see and feel structures that can influence the course of a procedure.

How It Works

System Requirements
  • With CardinalSim, a user creates surgical scenes in which anatomic structures are derived from segmented clinical PACS systems.
  • Volumetric structures may be represented with predefined or customized material properties and viewed with a variety of stereoscopic displays using real-time volumetric rendering.
  • Virtual dissections can be performed with the support of high-fidelity haptic feedback from a variety of supported hardware.  The dissections can be compared with intraoperative video for retrospective analysis.


Clinical Education

CardinalSim is best known for its use in clinical and educational cases.

CardinalSim Research

Meet the Team
Validation Studies
Ongoing Projects
Submit Your Research Applications


CardinalSim and all related software (“The Software”) is experimental, and is provided as is. Use the software at your own risk. The authors and their associated organizations and institutions make no warranties as to performance or fitness for a particular purpose, or any other warranties whether expressed or implied. No oral or written communication from or information provided by the authors shall create a warranty. Under no circumstances shall the authors be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use, misuse, or inability to use the software, even if the author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

The software is not certified as a medical device. There are no certifications. You can only use the software for non-commercial educational and scientific purposes. The software is not intended for diagnostic or clinical use.

All calculations, measurements, images, and models provided by this software are intended only for education and scientific research. Any other use is entirely at the discretion and risk of the user. If you use this software for scientific research, please give appropriate credit in publications. The software may not be redistributed, sold or commercially used in any other way without prior approval by the authors.

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